Greatra Mayana

Career & Employment Opportunities

Career Opportunities

>>The Office of
Intramural Training and Education has produced
a series of videos designed to help those who
want to transition to a career in industry. This program will focus on
the opportunities that exist in industry, particularly
for scientists. My name is Brad Fackler. I am the Industry Career
Adviser here at OITE. Within industry, there
are companies of all sizes and shapes, from the mega
companies with annual revenues of $10 billion or more and
maybe 70,000 employees worldwide to the very early stage
or startup companies that may have no
revenues and only one, two or three employees. I have provided on this grid
some example company names that fit into the various
sectors of the industry; Pharmaceuticals, Biotech,
Device, Consumables and Contract Organizations,
and to provide you with names of companies by the
various sizes. Within companies, there are
a great number of positions in areas that provide
opportunity. Within research and development,
there are opportunities in discovery, preclinical
and clinical research. There are opportunities
in regulatory affairs and in product development. There are commercial
opportunities within the companies. These are in the areas
of marketing, of sales, of business development, and
of corporate communications. There are areas for scientists
that fall between the commercial and the R&D areas, areas such as
product support, medical affairs and regulatory affairs. There are opportunities
within the services. These are often times external
contractors to the companies in the areas such as recruiting,
management consulting, law and a host of other areas. And also in the area
of operations. These are in the areas of manufacturing,
as well as Bio IT. Drilling down a little
further, we see that within R&D in the discovery research,
these are the people that actually discover
the technologies that are going on
to be produced. The preclinical and clinical
research areas provide the testing on these products, first
with animals and then in humans. Project management is the
management of the entire process that a compound will go through
from its discovery until it is on the market and the bio
pharmaceutical product development, which is creating
and formulating the compounds that go through the
development process. I’ve marked the preclinical
area here because we can look at that even in greater depth. I’ve chosen this because
many of you here who are in scientific positions
transitioning to a position in preclinical research in a company will be
doing very similar things to what you’re doing today. The roles and responsibilities
include characterizing the drug candidates, evaluating and
selecting the most promising and conducting the preclinical
studies on that compound. Career tracks include areas of
metabolism and pharmacokinetics, toxicology, drug safety and
evaluation, pharmacology, translational research and
medicine, animal services and welfare and chemistry
manufacturing and controls. Within the commercial,
we see marketing, which is the strategic area;
sales, the more tactical areas; and business development,
responsible for in-licensing or out-licensing
compounds that may not fit within the portfolio
of the company. And corporate communications,
providing information on the company, both to the
external and internal audiences. The opportunities between R&D
and commercial, product support, these are the compound and therapeutic experts
within the company. Medical affairs, these are
people who have contact with the clinical investigators
and provide support for the marketing department. And the regulatory affairs,
ensuring that the development and the marketing of
the compound are in line with federal regulations
set by the FDA. Opportunities in operations
include manufacturing, Bio IT and quality. These are people responsible
to ensure that the quality of the compound and the
processes are in line with federal standards. And opportunities
in the services. For just about every
function within the company, there could be a
service provider that provides that service. You can see here agencies,
management consulting, healthcare finance
and recruiting. When we look at this through
a different lens looking at each area by degree, we find that the commercial jobs
are mainly in the areas of bachelors degree
and masters degree. The opportunities within
those areas between R&D and R&D are mainly at
the PhD and MD level with technician positions
available for those with a masters degree. The operations, again, are mainly bachelors,
masters positions. And the services, because
they go across the board, cover the gamut of degrees. Providing you some examples of what job advertisements
would look like, I’ve provided two here
in the research areas. You can see the one
that is highlighted with key words, a
critical factor. As you are looking at
potential jobs for you, you look at the area of
responsibility and the skills and experience they
look at and try to make your resume
match those skills. Other examples, which are
positions in development; and again, often times
you can go through and try to find the keywords that
may match your skill set. Now, going forward over
the next several years, where are the major
opportunities likely to be? The research positions are
going to be more likely in the earlier stage companies where that discovery
takes place. Development positions will
be available more in the mid to the larger companies. Business development for out-licensing
opportunities will be in the smaller companies trying
to out-license their technology to the larger companies. And the in-licensing,
conversely, would be on the larger
companies attempting to in-license those compounds. Medical affairs, as well
as regulatory affairs and product support, will
all be with the mid-stage to larger companies that
already have compounds and products on the market. Quality will be available
in the larger companies, as well as with the contract
manufacturing operations. And management consulting
opportunities will be available in companies that are
going through a transition, and also the medical
insurance providers. So what do you need to do now? First, you need to foster
your network of contacts. And for industry
positions, you need to build that network outside
the area of academia. Sources such as the
NIH alumni database and LinkedIn can be
very helpful here. You will identify
companies that have money and or cash infusions. This is oftentimes a
precursor to hiring. You want to identify companies
with R&D interest that are in your area of expertise., which looks
at the compounds in clinical testing can
help you in this area. Identify key contacts within the
companies, both as references and for sources of information
on those particular companies. And then prepare
your industry resume. For you here at the
NIH, there are a series of resources that you may have. The OITE Careers Center
is a great resource. You can schedule an
individual appointment to get career counseling
in this area. I encourage you to visit
the OITE YouTube channel to watch the remaining
industry videos. And I wish you much success in
your industry interview process.

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