Greatra Mayana

Career & Employment Opportunities

Global Employment Trends for Youth 2015


“The news on youth employment
is starting to look a bit better: the International Labour Organization
just released the 2015 Global Employment Trends for Youth. This report shows that global unemployment numbers for
15 to 24 year-olds have dropped by 3.3 million since the peak of
the economic crisis in 2009 to a total of 73.3 million unemployed
young people around the world in 2014. And the youth unemployment rate
has been holding steady at 13% since 2012.” “Hold on … I live in Italy and I’ve been looking
for a job as a chemist for 3 years now. How can they say things are getting better when all I can find is a temp job selling clothes?!” “But the report says exactly this: The recovery is not universal. In two-thirds of European countries, the youth unemployment rate
is still over 20 per cent. And worse, more than 1 in 3 unemployed
youth has been looking for a job for longer than one year.” “And don’t forget about us
in the Middle East and North Africa! Youth unemployment here has been
close to 30 per cent for decades with no sign that things will improve. For young women in particular… you can basically forget about finding a job even though we are now as educated
as young men, if not more so. Yet our unemployment rates
are almost 50 per cent. ” “I always find it strange when
these reports talk about sub-Saharan Africa having low youth unemployment rates. It’s deceiving since so many of us
don’t feel like we are working. None of my friends has a regular job. We work a few hours here and there,
whenever we can. ” “What you’ve just described is an issue
of underemployment or worse, working poverty, which is when the income from work
is not enough to lift a family out of poverty. The report finds that more than one-third
of working youth in developing countries are living on less than $2 a day. Three in four young workers
in low-income countries have what the report calls an “irregular” job. And nine in ten work in the informal economy. None of this qualifies as decent work. ” “And the NEETs? Youth neither in employment
nor education or training? This is a topic which is a concern
in my country, Guatemala.” “And it will be in other countries as well
since it has been announced as a target in the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. This is important since it allows us
to focus attention on the youth who are the most vulnerable… those most likely to leave school early
and to remain without a job.” “What about solutions.
What does the ILO recommend? The report talks about how staying
in education gives young people a better chance of getting a decent job. ” “And we should acknowledge that progress
is being made in getting more young people into school around the world and
keeping them in school for longer. This is a positive trend.” “But then there is a chart that shows
how youth with university degrees in my region – Asia – are three times more likely
to be unemployed than those without one. Isn’t that a contradiction?” “Well, we should bear in mind that the university graduate is not going
to settle for just any job. In a way then it’s ‘normal’ that
they spend longer looking. And there is no denying that
they have a much better chance of getting a job with a written contract
in the formal sector and maybe even a decent wage. So strengthening the investment in education
and training for today’s children and tomorrow’s workers remains crucial. Strategies that help promote job creation
will be key, as are targeted interventions that help
get young people into work. These can include job search assistance,
apprenticeships, subsidies to employers
and training programmes. The international community is paying
close attention to youth employment. In fact
the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda provides us with a clear course of action
to work with governments and the social partners on designing
better policies and programmes to address all of the issues you have raised
here.”

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