Indian Education System 2018 by Dhruv Rathee [No Detention policy]
September 11, 2019
Greetings Friends, Today I’m going to talk about an important topic on which depends the future of our country. On which depends the future of the education system of our country and the children of our country. This policy is “No detention policy” That means no student can fail until the 8th std of schooling. This policy was into effect so far, but now the Government is thinking to take it out. I would like to tell you why this is going to make our education system worse from the bad and what can you to do to take an action for changing this. First, I will tell you the history of this policy. This policy was introduced in the year 2009 under Right to Education act. This was told that every child upto the age of 14 should have access to educational rights under Right to education. Hence this was decided that the system of Pass/Fail will be discontinued till 8th standard and the concept of CCE was introduced. Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE), here an all round evaluation of a child is done throughout the year, so the pressure of failing the exam is reduced. This policy was inspired by the developed countries and the purpose of this policy was to reduce the stress of exams from the students and also to reduce the dropout rates due to failure thereby providing education to the maximum students. The thought you must be having about this policy is that if a child has no pressure of exams till 8th standard then he might neglect the studies and finally in 10th or 12th standard during exams he will not have much experience leading to bad performance. Exactly the same thought came to my mind when I heard about this policy that if a child won’t appear for any exams till 8th standard then he will neglect his studies. But Friends, the data reflects a different story, infact a very opposite one. In 2009, the passing percentage of CBSE schools was 88% prior to NDP and in 2012 after 3 years of this policy the passing percentage has increased and reached 98% So students passing out in 2012 had two years of No detention policy experience before their 8th standard. We got to see here that after the No detention policy the passing percentage is increasing. also, the dropout rates in CBSE schools of the students between standard 1st-5th was reduced from 9% in 2009 to 65% in 2012 due to this policy. So, these two data shows that the students’ future performance is improved if they have no pressure of Pass/ Fail and helps them to stay interested in school. The reason behind this is that if a child since standard 1st to 8th is thinking about Pass/ fail then he is influenced towards rote learning because cracking an exam somewhere leads to rote learning whereas when a student’s focus is not on exams he tends to develop reasoning abilities and understanding concepts is his major focus. hence I feel that No Detention policy brings a positive effect. Data also shows us that chances of school dropouts increases among the students who have failed even once. as they get demotivated and stops studying. In the National family Health survey of 2005, the top 5 reasons for students dropouts one major reason was “repeated failures” where children gets demotivated due to failing again and again in the classroom and drops out of the school. here the number one reason was students’ disinterest in studies. Normally I do not like when people divide on the basis of caste and religion and classify them based on different criteria. but in such issues looking at the caste based data is very valuable to see the development of all the religions in the country. so, if we divide the school drop outs rate based on gender, caste and religion Then, religion wise the dropout rates is highest among the Muslims castewise it’s highest among the scheduled Tribe at 16.55% followed by schedule caste and OBC General Category is the lowest with only 11% school drop out rates. Between Girls and boys, The school drop out rates is highest among girls. So, the purpose behind these statistics is that if NDP is discontinued these castes, religion and gender will be highly affected. Hence the differences prevailing in out societies based on castes and religions will keep on increasing. Another reason why No Detention Policy shouldn’t be discontinued is the financial and economical loss incurred upon the country due to detentions. You can imagine this by understanding that if a child studies till 5th standard and drops out in the class 6th so the investment in his education upto 5th standard whether by the school, Government or by his own parents goes wasted. Such a money is of no use, the child couldn’t be educated and a non educated individual is a loss for the country as a burden. Such a financial loss is incurred to a country when a child is asked to repeat a class. According to 2010, UNESCO data, every additional year of schooling increases an individual’s earning by 10% and brings a change of 0.37% on the annual GDP of the country. One more important reason I can give here Friends is as a society we have reached a tipping point related to exam pressure. This issue has been covered in the movies as well like 3 Idiots where exam pressure leads to suicide. infact according to data, every one hour, one child suicides in our country. There are some cases related to exams in our country which we have never dreamt of. A 12th standard student of Ryan school killed a 7 years old child to postpone his exams. 4 school girls died after jumping in a well when they failed a monthly exam. This is the situation of our school’s education system in the country. So, friends Government is going to table the bill in the Parliament to remove No detention Policy next month, i.e. March, 2018 we can stop this and stop the bill in the parliament by signing the petition I have shared in the description and in the top comment and save the future of our country and our children. and share this petition and video with maximum number of people so that every helps to save our education system. We shall meet in the next video. Thank you.