The Person – Environment – Occupation (PEO) Model – InfOT
March 5, 2020
Welcome to InfΟΤ! Today we explore the Person, Environment, Occupation Model, also known as PEO Model. The PEO Model was created by Mary Law and her colleagues in 1996. It is a transactional Model since it depicts the interrelationship between the Person, the Environment and the Occupation. The PEO Model has 3 key concepts. Person, Environment and Occupation. Their interaction results in Occupational Performance The person is unique and has specific skills, experience, knowledge, interests and roles. The person is always developing and is intrinsically motivated The environment can be socioeconomical, cultural, institutional, social and physical. Occupations are divided into three main categories: self-care, productivity and leisure. We participate in daily occupations for self-maintenance, expression and life satisfaction. As Occupational Therapists we assess the characteristics, duration, structure, and complexity of each occupation. According to the PEO Model, function results from a good fit between the three key concepts Let’s take a look at Richard. He is 23 years old and recently had a stroke. He can’t use his right hand properly. His client-centered goal is to iron his shirts in order to be well-dressed at his new job. From the PEO perspective, we assess each key concept and how it affects and is affected by Richard’s situation. He is a motivated man, has limited function in his left hand and some difficulty remembering steps for this activity. Regarding the environmental demands, he is expected to be well-dressed at his new workplace. Luckily, if needed, he has a family to support him He also needs to iron his shirts every other day and he needs to set up the iron and ironing board. He has the option to use his neighbor’s press too, but only twice per week. Here, we have Anna. Anna is 15 years old and has Autism Spectrum Disorder. She needs to write in school but her letters are illegible most of the time. Anna has several difficulties due to her poor sensory processing, and she is unmotivated to write since she has had a lot of bad experiences with her previous teachers. She has excellent visual memory so she claims that she doesn’t even need to write notes. Despite that, she is expected to take written tests and do group projects that require writing. Her new teacher wants to help her, so she lets her take personal notes however she likes, but to keep it readable when someone else needs to read what she wrote. She uses the same pencil for many years, and refuses to change it. Her teacher also agreed to let her have more time when she needs to write better. Thank you for watching InfOT! If you like the video, feel free to like and subscribe. Stay tuned for more, next week!