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What jobs will flourish in the future. And which you should avoid. | Michio Kaku


People often ask me the question, “In the
era of AI what jobs and what skills will I need?” Well, first of all let’s take a look at
the first era of space exploration the 1960s. There was a crash program back then to miniaturize
the transistor. That’s why our astronauts like John Glenn,
they’re short people. They were tiny people. The Russian astronauts, they’re also very
tiny because they have to fit inside the nose cone of a missile, and we scientists were
given the mission to miniaturize transistors as far as possible. Now, as a consequence of that, we have what
is called the Internet age today. All the goodies you see in your living room,
all the telecommunication wonders of the Internet were in part a consequence of this mass drive
to miniaturize transistors, because we were in the Cold War with the Soviet Union. Now, as we enter the second golden era there’s
going to be yet another crash program to miniaturize computers even more. This means transistors made out of molecules,
quantum computers, a whole new era of computation. So there could be yet another golden age of
computer technology emerging because of the emphasis placed on going to Mars with the
cheapest, lightest possible object, and this means even more computer power. Then the other question is: “Well, what
are the jobs that are going to be there in the future?” Well, first of all I tell people that semiskilled
work will be with us for many decades to come, including garbage men, sanitation workers,
plumbers, policemen, gardeners, construction workers. You see, robots cannot pick up garbage. Robots cannot design a garden. Robots cannot solve a crime. We forget that robots are very bad at pattern
recognition! Robots cannot fix your toilet, and they probably
won’t be able to for many decades to come. In fact the Pentagon even sponsored the DARPA
Challenge to create a Fukushima robot. Their job was to take our skills of today
and build a robot that could clean up Fukushima. This means A, driving a car, B, getting out
of the car, C, sweeping the floor, turning a valve and doing some simple maintenance
work that a five-year-old kid could do. Well, the results are on the Internet. You can download them and they’re hilarious. You see many robots falling over with the
inability to get up because they’re like an upside down turtle; they‘re simply stuck
on the floor. We have a long ways to go before we master
pattern recognition at the level of a plumber, at the level of a gardener. The job to avoid in the future, however, are
the middleman jobs, for example, brokers and low-level tellers and accountants. For example, today when you go to a stockbroker
you no longer buy stock. Now you may say to yourself, “That’s stupid,
everybody knows when you go to a stockbroker you buy stock, I mean what else are you going
to buy?” Well, no. You don’t buy stock when you go to a stockbroker. You can buy stock on your wristwatch so why
bother to go to a stockbroker? Because you want something that stockbrokers
provide that robots cannot. And that is intellectual capital. That means experience, know how, savvy, innovation,
talent, leadership—none of which computers and robots can provide. So the large explosion of jobs in the future
will be jobs that robots cannot do, i.e. Jobs involving pattern recognition and jobs involving
common sense, as well as middlemen jobs that involve intellectual capital, creativity—products
of the mind. Those are the jobs which are still going to
flourish in the future. As Tony Blair of England likes to say, England
derives more revenue today from rock ‘n’ roll than it does with the coal mining industry. And why is that? Because coal mining represents commodity capital. Commodity capital, yes we’ll have it for
decades, centuries to come, but it falls in price every year. Agriculture, for example: today you had breakfast
that the king of England could not have had a hundred years ago. Think of what you had for breakfast: Delicacies
from around the world, almost for free. That’s because agriculture being a commodity
drops in price because of better containerization, mass production, shipping, better cultural
methods and things like that. So this means that jobs that are intellectual
rather than are commodity related will flourish in the future.

100 Replies to “What jobs will flourish in the future. And which you should avoid. | Michio Kaku”

  • Those who flourish will be those who show respect for Abba in heaven.
    Only he is able to ensure electronic victory. Only he can program anything correctly. Only he can destroy the most evil A.I.
    Michio Kaku knows this.
    Even if he denies it.

  • At first I was thinking 'Eh I don't think microprocessors are the current bottleneck on going to Mars, they sent people to the moon reliably with something less powerful than most pocket calculators. Really it just takes some time and resources to get our ducks in a row and get rockets good enough to take supplies and people there' but then I realized that being that far away it would be nice to have things already set up before people get there. Automous robots using much more efficient processors than what we currently have would help with that.
    But then they're going to revolt and we'll have to deal with a colony of angry robot Martians.

  • Programmers will never be replace so as engineers. Hookers will get replace by robots let say 50 yrs from now

  • Disagree completely worth Kaku s predictions
    AI systems are really good at pattern recognition nowadays, and the trend will improve

    I agree robotics is a way off

  • One aspect that is being overlooked, is the 'de-skilling' of trades by modular and 'plug n' play' type manufacture and install of materials. Which is good for all as a whole, but something that is devastating the construction industry, from the standpoint of skilled personnel.
    Something to be reflecting upon if considering such type work as a future career. All the money is, as always, with management.

  • This video is really bad for a number of reasons.
    1. history lesson on transistors doesn't answer the question in the title.
    2. AI is very good at pattern recognition.
    3. Only spent a tiny amount of time explaining intellectual capital with few examples of jobs that use it

  • Rising sea levels , maybe boat builder , diver , a boat license will get you a job . No shortage of shit jobs thank you capitalism . No employer in the world cares about your intellect , shut up do as your told . Intellectuals don't realise most work places only want compliance nothing more nothing less . Working conditions in the west are declining , nothing to get excited about .

  • I don't think that's what Tony Blair meant when he said that thing about British coal mining. Our coal mining industry had been deliberately shattered, breaking apart entire communities, by a previous Prime Minister, Thatcher.

  • What jobs? The jobs you didn't want. Why? Because we know that not everyone can do anything they want to do

  • I have one bit of advice for you Mr. Kaku. You may want to factor in history into your economic theories. History is like life and death. We live, we die, and with every new generation we repeat. You are making the same mistake as NASA when determining the geometrical shape of space. All you see is flat lines when there's no such thing a square with no edges. You can't only calculate in current economic factors in what would be a theoretical single-minded point of view similar to a flat line. You also have to factor in history and it's relavance to changes in that current projected path. Think about it. How does history alter that course?

  • I can write machine learning code that can recognize patterns better than you rn Mr kaku. Check them facts brah

  • Great video! but I was hoping he would talk about the different fields of science/types of jobs amongst them.

  • Robots can predict how long you will live in hospitals.So the day isnt long when they will be creative and have self consciousness.

  • Robots are getting better dunno what hes talking about. Boston dynamics have some pretty good robots that can be pushed and not fall over

  • Jobs that require, common sense will flourish?? Does he realise how uncommon so-called common sense is??

  • As someone who's worked in IT for more than a decade, I can vouch for how limited technology is. Sure, they're improving but machines that can do what we can is so very far away (unless of course we change course and focus on the real powerhouse: biology).

  • The biggest skills we will need are basic survive skills, first aid, farming, cooking, construction to build lives off the grid and return to communal living.

  • Agriculture as a commodity? This might drastically change in less a decade, or at least two decades. Problems are already there or on the horizon (it depends on where you look). We'll see.

  • The jobs of the future will be loading my bong. It is an all day and all night Affair so you do need round-the-clock people… Also people to clean up after me and feed me. Oh yeah in about a dozen or people to jerk me off every morning. So yes America let's come together and get this work started you lazy b****

  • There is this thing in A.I. called Morevac's Paradox. Its easy to write computer programs that do math and logic. Its hard to write computer programs that do motion and perception. So it is the engineers, accountants, and equity analysts who will be consigned to the dustbin of history. It is the butchers, bakers, and candle-stick makers who will survive. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moravec%27s_paradox

  • meh… if I fail in molecular biology, I will just buy the next dead house and open a bar, fuck y'all with your over sophisticated shit… people will also like to get themselves drunk the next 40 years I presume

  • unless a livable UBI is implemented, AI driven automation will collapse the economy. the overwhelming majority ofbthe population are laborers, large sums of which will not be able to meet this laughable idea of everyone becoming computer engineers/scientists/etc.

    either the economic system will submit to reform, or the whole thing will collapse under the weight of extreme waves of violence by displaced workers.

  • You are really pushing that AI is going to be good and all we do is sit back to garden and develop intellect? Still risky.

  • if you can shrink a transistor, you can make a machine learn to recognize objects and fix problems with simple algorithms. this is some kind of stupid and kaku supposedly never heard of object recognition algorithms that can recognize objects in total darkness with high accuracy with the most simple cellphone camera.

  • you're right, many decades..like 4 yeah just 40 years, 2058. then they'll start to do all the stuff. but he's just trying to ease your feelings … i get it.

  • Computer programming, robotics and organic farming along with everything related to switching to electric vehicles, solar power, etc are all to be much needed in the near future!

  • Sigh… So not only did you not give an almost definitive answer. I am 5 minutes closer to not having an answer. Thanks for the rhetoric.

  • Michio: Robots don't have common sense.

    But Sir, most of humanity also doesn't have common sense. So what are we going to do?

  • Just 2 months since the video got uploaded, AI is starting to prove Michio wrong in some areas. Wonder what'll happen in 10 or 20 years. It's going to be unimaginable, unbelievable.

  • Also I have observed this with most experts when they predict the future. They all kind of assume our overall economic activity to grow like it has grown in the last 20 years. But what about climate change? We simply still don't have the least bit idea how complex our whole climate system is. What happens if we slip into a cyclical warming pattern year over year and whatever we do won't be enough to counteract? Worldwide famine or floods will have effect on food prices and poverty. There will be economic turmoil. Growth will simply stall in this worst case scenario. How do people ignore such real possibilities?
    It's like in the game of thrones. We're all discussing GDP growth, AI growth and agriculture and medicine and all these issues and the real big problem is actually hiding behind a wall like the Night King. It's very important to imagine a world that's not in line with our expectations. Throughout history civilizations have perished because they didnot plan for the worst case scenario.

  • I'm starting to come to the opinion that people did not understand what was stated or have a weak grasp on the timeline these various technological branches will need in order to merge into cohesive, reliable, economically viable, commercialized solutions.

  • Robots are insanely good at pattern recognition, they are literally designed for that, seriously do you even know what you are even talking about?

    No, Mr Kaku go back to being a theoretical physicist instead of pretending to be a sociologist. Zhere will be no jobs in the future, the common man will become an irrelevant and more importantly undesired waste of a society which is reserved for the rich. The rich will ge tricher and the poor will get poorer because the rich will no longer need the poor to do their dirty jobs for them. People will become like rats that live at the outskirts of big cities trying to find a living from the waste that city spews out. It is already happening by the way, just look at the majority of South America and Asia where it is already happening for a generation now.Just 1% live in luxury and 99% live eating mud and dirt. That is the future that awaits society everywhere.

  • Think
    What happen If all of us will fluent in artificial intelligence technology

    Still there will be the race for power, money, dominance among us and these kinds of behaviour will lead to invention of some other technologies

  • I'm confused. He said to avoid "middlemen jobs" , like brokers, and shortly after he said that those are the jobs of the future because they involve creativity and "intellectual capital"

  • If you're looking for a job that will last far in the 21st century, consider getting a career in the solar industry. It's our new energy future plus you get the added benefit of making the world a better place. If you're interested, check out this course on Udemy on how you can get a job in the solar field https://www.udemy.com/join/login-popup/?next=/how-to-get-a-job-in-the-solar-industry/learn/v4/

  • Lol garbage man…there Boston created Atlas or mini..they can do anything…and they are good at recognize ..and car are completely go by road automatically..and robot talk to each other to maintained the road..I think u don't know sir what actually robot can do

  • Video ignores how buildings, cities etc will be built and modified to take advantage of robotic abilities. Eg pre-made 3D-printed walls will come with a lot of stuff built-in—piping, wiring, etc. Apartment blocks are already being built like this, and there will be garbage systems which works like sewer via pneumatics or conveyors.

    It would be dumb to ignore exploiting robot abilities just because humans can do it slower, much dearer, and less consistently.

  • Why do we have to rely on robots so much in the future? Isn’t this horrible for the human psyche? Aren’t things already easy enough? How bored do we want to be come as a society? Automatization will be a hinderance to our future generations development is so many facets. We are advancing technology and innovation yet humans are becoming more and more obsolete. How do we conquest for meaning in life when we purposefully dwindle it away? And for what? Monetary efficiency and capital gain? Shit we’re literally all going to just have our dicks in our hands one day and that’s it.

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